- As with all changes that have the potential of data loss, you
must backup all important data that cannot be restored from other media.
You should either create an image of the hard drive using third party
imaging software, tape backup, backup to CDRW, floppies, or the Files
And Settings Transfer Wizard located on the XP CD.
(F.A.S.T), etc. If you have
information located in non-standard locations, do not expect the backup
device or software applications default settings to backup the data. You
will need to make custom adjustments to the backup settings.
- Check the motherboard manufacturers web site for updated
drivers and any drivers that need to be loaded from a floppy at the
beginning of XP installation.
- Check the motherboard manufacturers web site for BIOS updates
for the new
motherboard. As with all hardware, you should always check for
updates. Download and Flash the BIOS to the latest version before
setting up your motherboard with the hard drive setup with XP.
The Change of hardware
- With XP running, insert the XP CD in the CD drive and after
closing all currently running processes shut down the computer from Start
- Remove power cord from computer.
- Open Case.
- Use either an anti-static wrist band, or make sure you touch bare
metal before handling or touching a component.
- After labeling all cables and other power connectors; remove cables
- Remove old motherboard and replace with new
- Attach cables and power connectors by consulting the motherboard
user manual, and the labels you made when you disconnected them from the
original mother board.
- Reboot and access
- Depending on the BIOS and OEM manufacturer, set date and time [very
important], hard drive detection, CPU settings [if necessary] and
boot order. You will need to set the CD DRIVE
before the Hard Drive in the boot order.
- Your new motherboard should support booting from CD, look for
text at the bottom of the screen for the Prompt to
press a key to boot from CD.
- EXIT and SAVE BIOS settings.
- Click HERE and
follow instructions to set XP to new hardware
The following information works if the hard drive being
moved is a single partition or multiple partitions on a
single drive on the computer or if XP is installed on another
hard drive [other than the primary master partition Disk 0] and all hard
drives from the system XP is moved; are also moved and cabled exactly as the
Before shutting down Windows on the computer the hard
drive/s are to be removed, end all processes.
Shutdown from Start> Shutdown> select Shutdown.
If multiple hard drives are being swapped, write down and
label how they were configured. It is very important to preserve the
cabling so all drives retain the same drive letters.
Remove the hard drive or drives
Install hard drive with XP installed to new computer,
making sure to duplicate the cabling of computer hard drive/s is moved
Power on the computer and access the BIOS by pressing the
key combination prompted by the BIOS, configure as in step 8 above. You
will need to set the CD DRIVE
before the Hard Drive in the boot order.
EXIT and SAVE BIOS settings.
Look for a text prompt at the bottom of the screen to
boot from CD.
Repair Install to
to New Motherboard
When you see the "Welcome To
you will see the options
Do Not BOOT into Windows XP on
first boot after Motherboard or Hard Drive change! If booting from CD is not
an option, return to BIOS and make sure booting from CD is the first boot
option. Booting into Windows is only an option when you do a direct
replacement of the Motherboard, otherwise it is like playing Russian Roulette. If
you lose, it is fatal!
If your computer does not support booting from the CD, check your OEM or
Motherboard makers web site for updated BIOS.
Perform a Repair Install by
following the step by step below.
This portion of the Setup
program prepares Microsoft
Windows XP to run on your computer:
To setup Windows XP now, press ENTER.
To repair a Windows XP installation using Recovery Console, press R.
To quit Setup without installing Windows XP, press F3.
Enter to start the
Accept the License
Agreement and Windows will search for existing Windows installations.
Select the XP installation
you want to repair from the list and press
R to start the repair.
If Repair is not one of the options, read this
Setup will copy the necessary files to the hard drive and reboot.
Do not press any key to boot from CD when the message appears. Setup
will continue as if it were doing a clean install, but your applications and
settings will remain intact.
Blaster worm warning:
Do not immediately activate over the internet when asked, enable the
firewall before connecting to the internet. You can activate after the
firewall is enabled. Control Panel - Network Connections.
Right click the connection you use, Properties, and there is a check box on
833330 Blaster removal
What You Should Know About the Sasser Worm and Its Variants
Microsoft Security Bulletin
Reapply updates or
packs applied since initial Windows XP installation. Please note that a Repair
Install from the Original install XP CD will remove SP1/SP2 and service
packs will need to
Service Pack 1
Service Pack 2
An option I highly recommend is creating a Slipstreamed XP CD with SP2.
Slipstreaming Windows XP with Service Pack 2 (SP2)
Another Slipstream step by step
What happens when you change a
move a hard drive depends on the accumulated changes made within a
period since initial activation. As a precaution the
should be copied to a floppy before doing a repair
install. For more information see Alex Nichol's article on
It also depends on the version of
Windows XP intended for the move.
Retail versions of XP can be moved
from and reinstalled as many times as you want as long as it is in
compliance with the EULA. The EULA states: You may install, use, access,
display and run one copy of the Software on a single computer,
such as a workstation, terminal or other device ("Workstation
OEM versions of XP
preinstalled on systems according to the OEM EULA cannot be transferred to
another computer. This is defined in the EULA.
OEM versions sold with a
piece of hardware are thought to be tied to the original computer it is
installed on. From the link [clarification],
hardware can be upgraded and only the change of mother board will
as a non-original computer.
For clarification: Contact
Microsoft Corporate and Legal Affairs
One Microsoft Way
As long as it is installed
on only one computer, nothing needs to be said other than it was
uninstalled from one computer and installed on another or the hardware was
upgraded on the same computer. You do not need to
or have to provide more information.
The purpose of Activation
is to make the general public aware it is a violation of the Windows XP
EULA agreement to install a single licensed copy to more than one computer
at a time. It was not expected to stop
the ability to disable or work around the activation.
I have provided enough
information on this web site to activate in most situations. You
decide if you comply with the EULA.
Michael Stevens MS-MVP XP SHELL
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